Only food lovers know about the most exquisite product from Spain: JAMÓN IBÉRICO! Due to fake products coming from other countries, or even from Spain but not real iberico breed, since 2014 it is easier to differentiate if a Jamón is a real ibérico product or not. Just pay attention to the label when you buy ibérico products!
In January 2014 the Spanish Government approved a new standard to protect both, the rights of the consumers and the IBÉRICO breed products from Spain. Basically, the standard describes the way to label Ibérico products depending on three factors:
- The breed of the pig: Some pigs will be 100% Iberian, with both parents pure-bred. Others will be part Iberian mixed with another breed. But now the percentage of Iberian must be specified so its exact genealogy can be traced
- The pig’s diet:bellota (acorns), cebo del campo (natural grazing) or cebo (fodder).
- The way and quality of raising: allowed to roam free (eating acorns or grazing naturally), or kept enclosed in a pen (and fed fodder).
Therefor when you go to your delicatessen shop or buy on line please pay attention to the following types of labels:
BLACK LABEL – Jamón 100% Ibérico de Bellota. This is the top category – the finest available – and indicates a pure-bred Iberian pig which has been fed only on acorns during the mountaineer period. This is popularly known in Spain as PATA NEGRA (Black Hoof).
RED LABEL – Jamón Ibérico de Bellota, where the pig is partly Iberian – the percentage of Iberian breed must be specified. The pig has been allowed to roam free, eating acorns.
GREEN LABEL – Jamón Ibérico de Cebo de Campo. This pig is at least 50% Iberian, and has been allowed to roam freely, eating both natural grazing and fodder.
WHITE LABEL – Ibérico de Cebo. This pig is at least 50% Iberian, and has been kept enclosed in a pen and given fodder.